Programmed cell death 1 (PD-1) and programmed death ligand 1 (PD-L1) are checkpoint proteins on immune cells responsible for the induction and maintenance of immune tolerance within the tumor microenvironment. Research studies have found that tumors tend to evade host defense mechanisms using these PD-1/PDL-1 pathways. PD-1/PDL-1 interaction act by inhibiting this binding and preventing tumor cells from escaping, ultimately leading to the destruction of cancer cells. 

The current global PD-1/PDL-1 inhibitor market already has seven approved products in the U.S. and a large number of research activities are currently undergoing in the PD-1/PDL-1 inhibitor market generating interest of commercial as well as academic research institutions. In the current period of precision medicine and providing targeted treatment, identification of target patients has become very important as well as complicated. With the emergence of diagnostic tests identifying predictive biomarkers, the selection and administration of targeted treatment has become comparativlely conveninent and efficient.

The PD-1/PDL-1 inhibitors are majorly indicated for the treatment of advanced cases of different cancer indications. The PD-1/PDL-1 inibitor treatment has been found to be more effective in patients demonstrating certain levels of predictive biomarkers such as PDL-1 expression. However, these tests are costly and treatment specific which poses a hindrance to smooth administration of these PD-1/PDL-1 inhibitors to a larger set of patients.

Several global players of the PD-1/PDL-1 inhibitor market, such as MSD, Bristol Myers Squibb Company (BMS), AstraZeneca Plc are actively pursuing research activities focussed toward maximizing the potential of PD-1/PDL-1 inhbitors. Companies in the Asia-Pacific region also have a rich clinical pipeline and are strategically pursuing research activities in the PD-1/PDL-1 inhibitor market.

Competitive Landscape

There are seven products currently available in the global PD-1/PDL-1 inhibitor market. The first entrant Keytruda draws a significant share of the global PD-1/PDL-1 inhibitor market followed by second entrant Opdivo. Imfinzi and Tecentriq also have their combined market share below 20%.

Disease Landscape

In terms of the most promising indication for the application of PD-1/PDL-1 inhibitors, melanoma appears to be the leading indication as highlighted by experts as well as the data gathered from secondary research.


Within the research report, the segmentation has made on the basis of:

  •   Identified cancer indicattions (Non-small cell lung cancer, melanoma, breast cancer, hepatocellular carcinoma, colorectal cancer, and urothelial carcinoma), and
  •   The seven major markets (the U.S., the U.K., Germany, France, Italy, Spain, and Japan).

This segmentation highlights value propositions and business models useful for industry leaders and stakeholders. The research also comprises country-level analysis, go-to-market strategies of leading players, and future opportunities, among others, to detail the scope and provide a 360-coverage of the domain.

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How can this report add value to an organization?

Product/Innovation Strategy: The report provides an exhaustive list of pipeline products which are currently in the development along with their developmental details in various indications. This can help organizations in understanding the research activities, which is the promising indication to pursue or which organization has the potential product to enter first into the global PD-1/PDL-1 inhibitor market as well it can help the organization to assess where they should place themselves in order to get maximum benefit. The global PD-1/PDL-1 inhibitor market report provides an insight into the estimated patient population eligible to receive PD-1/PDL-1 inhibitor treatment in the identified indications will help to identify the promising indications.

Growth/Marketing Strategy: In addition to pursuing research on exploring the benefits of PD-1/PDL-1 inhibitors in multiple cancer indications, companies are working to bring more safer and convenient PD-1/PDL-1 inhbitors while retaining or improving efficacy. The companies are exploring small molecules as well as alternative formulations for PD-1/PDL-1 inhibitors in an effort to make the administration relatively more convenient.

Competitive Strategy: Key players in the global PD-1/PDL-1 inhibitor market were analyzed and profiled in the study, who have commercially available PD-1/PDL-1 inhbitors as well as those who are developing and their products are in clinical development. Moreover, a detailed competitive benchmarking of the players operating in the global PD-1/PDL-1 inhibitor market has been done to help the reader understand how players stand against each other, presenting a clear market landscape.

Additionally, comprehensive competitive strategies such as partnerships, agreements, and collaborations will aid the reader in understanding the untapped revenue pockets in the global PD-1/PDL-1 inhibitor market.Additionally, BIS Research also offers a dedicated and unique platform to find and access deeptech insights and updates on emerging technologies across industry verticals. Insight Monk, an AI powered deeptech search engine, is a subscription based platform that offers a library of latest market insights and updates based on emerging tech. Learn more about InsightMonk here