As telephone and digital companies continue to grow through mergers and acquisitions, network (''net"'') neutrality, has become a contested area of legality in United States. The controversies surrounding the statements of Telco officials, especially as telephone networks seem to have monopoly power their market, has ignited the passion that has been brewing among independent Internet giants, such as Google, eBay, and Amazon they fear that network owners will create a biased, two-tier Internet system that puts the services provided by telcos above all others. There is also concern that network owners may want to completely control or even block content at their own discretion, thereby creating an unfair imbalance of power.
Hosting Directory. Hosting Directory, decided to examine the ramifications of this highly polarizing, complicated free speech issue. the recent legislative failure of attempts to protect internet neutrality as a principle on the United States.

The information on cable networks was traditionally considered to be content that the seller can regulate at will, under the First Amendment. As networks increasingly provide the same services and are under the same ownership, it is becoming challenging to justify and control different rules that are in light of the technology. This has created the issue of which rules should be followed. The FCC changed the classification of DSL as an info service back in the year 2005 in the same year an appeal to the US Supreme Court in FCC v. Brand X upheld the classification of cable Internet access as an information service.

The recent Amendment before the Senate, was defeated by 269 votes to 152 and it was passed by a vote of 269 votes to 152. Communications Opportunity, Promotion and Enhancement Act (Cope Act) was passed by 321-101 votes. Many fear that the decision could lead to Internet service providers could decide for their customers on which sites and services they should access and use. The rejection of the principle of net neutrality occurred amid a debate about the Cope Act, which, in addition, seeks to make it easier for companies that provide video services around America by replacing 30,000 local franchise boards with a national one, overseen by the Federal Communications Commission (FCC).

This vote is a defeat to Google, eBay and Amazon which had a frenzied lobbying campaigns prior to the vote in the House of Representatives. Representative Fred Upton, head of the House Telecommunications Subcommittee, indicated that competition could allow consumers to save anywhere from $30 to $40 a monthly on Internet access charges. An Amendment in the Act was proposed to add clauses that basically demanded that Internet service firms treat all of the data that they transmit through their networks equally. It was believed that the amendment would be required after the FCC discarded its rules that guarantee internet neutrality.

Catherine England, a spokseperson for eBay and eBay, said, "eBay supports its Net Neutrality legislation that will prohibit Network Operators from replacing the robust open Internet by ''Pay to Play'' private networks that would eliminate and discriminate the content and service providers that refuse to pay new tolls. The Internet is an international network built on the concept of openness and could be able to connect everyone with everybody. As we have seen through eBay, PayPal, and Skype as well, the Internet can build communities on a scale never seen before. In the future, replacing the Internet by technologically advanced and closed ''private networks'' will eliminate this Internet like we have it today and limit the capability users Internet users to access a global market. Small business owners depend on the global network and could be hardest hit by new fees and tiered services that impede existing and potential customers from accessing their sites."

House Democratic chairman Nancy Pelosi commented, that without the Amendment that ''telecommunications and cable companies can establish toll lanes for the superhighway of information. This strikes at the heart of the open and equal characteristics of Internet.'' In a speech at a conference in May, web founder Sir Tim Berners-Lee warned that the net faced entering an ''infrastructure-deficient period' If access providers were allowed to choose which traffic to prioritise.

The critics of the Amendment claimed that it would result unneeded government regulation. Before the vote, Internet businesses worried about the effects of the amendment for business and actively lobbied in support of the Amendment which was fueled by fears that their websites would become hard to reach or that they would be required to make payments to ensure that their websites will be accessible to Internet users.

In a press release by, Meg Whitman, the Chief Executive Officer of eBay, e-mailed more than one million of the members of the auction site asking them to support the concept of net neutrality, while Eric Schmidt, CEO of Google invited employees of the search giant to endorse the idea and movie stars like Alyssa Milano also supported the Amendment.

The exact interpretation on the meaning of "net neutrality" is a source of controversy due to the highly politicized usage of the term to describe the present and future usage of the Internet as well as the proposed governmental role in the regulation of Internet-related trade and communications. As per Columbia University Law Professor Tim Wu"net neutrality"' is a term that originally identified network bias toward or against particular types of software or providers of content or services. According to Mr. Wu's analysis it is clear that the Internet is not neutral but it can be. Concerning bias in TCP/IP (TCP) against real-time apps to back up this point, this apolitical and technological view is being embraced by cable companies and telcos in opposition to new regulations.